Betta's tomato is obtained by Polish breeders. The variety is distinguished by early ripening and high yield. The fruits have a wide range of applications, suitable for daily diet and home canning. Betta tomatoes require minimal care, which includes watering and fertilizing with minerals.
The characteristics and description of the tomato variety Betta are as follows:
- early maturation;
- 78-83 days pass from seed germination to harvest;
- determinant shrub;
- shtambovy tomato with a small amount of tops;
- bush height 0.5 m;
- on the brush matures 4-5 tomatoes.
The fruits of Betta have a number of features:
- round shape;
- smooth surface;
- weight from 50 to 80 g;
- juicy pulp with a small number of seeds;
- pronounced tomato flavor.
Tomato Betta suitable for growing at home. In private plots and farms, the variety is planted in greenhouses or open areas.
From one bush of tomatoes Bette remove up to 2 kg of fruit. Tomatoes are used fresh to make snacks, salads, tomato paste and juice.
Due to the small size and dense skin, Betta tomatoes are suitable for canning. They are used for pickling and salting and in general. Fruits tolerate long-term transportation and do not crack when ripe.
Betta's tomato is grown in a seedling way. First, at home get seedlings, which require certain conditions. Then the plants are transferred to an open area, in a greenhouse or greenhouse.
The planting of tomato seeds Betta produced in February and March. A special soil is required for planting, obtained by mixing garden soil and compost in equal proportions. You can also buy ready-made soil in garden stores.Tip! If you use the land from the site, then it is calcined for 15 minutes in a brass or microwave oven.
Seeds are also processed. It is dipped for a day in warm water to stimulate the emergence of shoots. Seed producers often treat them with nutrient solutions. In this case, the seeds have bright colors and do not need additional stimulation of growth.
Betta seedlings of tomatoes are grown in containers up to 15 cm high. They are filled with earth, after which seeds are placed every 2 cm. Peat is poured on top with a layer of 1 cm. The final stage is abundant watering of seeds and cover of containers with film.
To stimulate shoots, containers are kept warm at a temperature of 25 degrees. When the tomatoes sprout, they are placed on the window and provide light for 12 hours. Periodically watering the seedlings, trying to prevent the drying out of the soil.
Landing in the greenhouse
Betta's tomatoes are planted in the greenhouse 2 months after the emergence of sprouts. By this time, the seedlings reach 25 cm, has 6 leaves and a developed root system.
Preparation of the greenhouse for growing tomatoes is carried out in the autumn. The top soil layer needs to be replaced, since insects and pathogens can overwinter there. The renewed soil is digged and fertilized with compost.Tip! As a fertilizer in the greenhouse soil make wood ash.
For Betta’s tomatoes, pits are prepared at a depth of 20 cm. Tomatoes are placed in 30 cm increments. 50 cm are left between rows. Tomatoes are recommended to be planted in a checkerboard pattern. This simplifies planting care, and plant shoots do not interfere with each other.
They put the plants together with the earthy clod, which is covered with soil. Then the soil is slightly trampled down and perform abundant watering of tomatoes.
As shown by reviews of tomato Bette, in regions with a favorable climate, the variety is planted in open ground. It is advisable to wait until the soil and air warms up well.
The beds for tomatoes are prepared in the fall. Select well-lit places that are not subject to wind load. Tomatoes are planted after cabbage, root vegetables, onions or garlic. If the predecessors are tomatoes of any variety, peppers and potatoes, then this place is not suitable for planting.
2 weeks before planting, the seedlings are quenched on a balcony or loggia. First, it is left in the fresh air for several hours, gradually increasing this period.Important! The variety of tomatoes Betta planted after 30 cm, between the rows enough 50 cm of free space.
Tomatoes are lowered into the holes and tamped down the ground. Landing watered with warm water. Although the variety is undersized, it is recommended to tie up the tomatoes so that they do not break under the influence of weather phenomena.
Tomatoes Betta require care, which includes watering and fertilizing. Passing is not carried out, because according to its characteristics and description, the grade of tomato Betta is short. To grow the stalk smooth and strong, and the shoots did not fall to the ground, tomatoes are tied to a support.
The variety is resistant to major diseases of tomatoes. To prevent diseases, you need to follow the rules of watering, regularly air the greenhouse, do not plant tomatoes too often. Due to early ripening, the variety is not affected by blight.
Watering and loosening
Betta variety needs watering, which is done with warm, settled water. On average, tomatoes are watered once or twice a week. The moisture content of the soil is maintained at 80%. The lack of moisture leads to yellowing and twisting of the leaves, falling off of the inflorescences. Its excess also negatively affects plants: the root system rots, there are signs of fungal diseases.
After transferring the tomatoes to a permanent place they are watered only after 10 days. When plants adapt to new conditions, moisture is applied twice a week, and 2 liters of water are used per bush. When flowering begins, it is enough to water each planting, but the volume of water used must be increased to 5 liters.Tip! Watering is done in the morning or in the evening so that the moisture is absorbed into the ground.
When fruits ripen, tomatoes are watered every 3 days. On one bush requires 3 liters of water. When the fruits begin to redden, watering should be reduced, thus avoiding their cracking.
After watering, the soil under the tomatoes is loosened to a depth of 5 cm. Thus, air exchange in the soil improves, and tomatoes better absorb moisture and beneficial substances. It is also recommended to pile up the trunks of tomatoes, which strengthens the root system.
Top dressing of tomatoes
According to reviews, Betta tomato responds well to fertilization. The first top dressing of tomatoes is carried out a week after planting. To do this, use 10 liters of water and superphosphate in the amount of 30 g. The substance is dissolved in water, then watered tomatoes. Due to phosphorus, metabolic processes are improved and the root system of tomatoes is strengthened.
A week later, the second feeding is done. For plants, a solution is prepared based on 10 liters of water and 30 g of potassium salt. Tastes of fruits and immunity of tomatoes depend on intake of potassium.Important! An alternative method of feeding is wood ash. It is embedded in the soil or added to water during irrigation.
Boric acid is used to stimulate the formation of ovaries, 10 g of which is diluted in a 10-liter bucket of water filled with water. Processing is done by spraying the tomatoes.
Igor, 49 years old, Ufa. In the past year, Betta was purchased for planting tomato seeds. The package turned 30-35 seeds, covered with a special shell. It contains substances with stimulating and disinfecting properties. Shrubs grown about 60 cm tall, with a powerful stem and a large number of inflorescences. The fruits ripen at the same time and have a small size, are well suited for canning. Larisa, 34 years old, Moscow Tomatoes have been growing for several years at home on the windowsill, constantly looking for new varieties. Last year I decided to try a brand Betta. Before planting, the seeds poured on a plate, covered with a cloth and poured warm water. Then moved the seeds into the ground. Germination was almost 100%, and the seedlings grew very quickly. So that the branches do not break off, I tie them up. Tomatoes pleased with a good harvest, there were no particular problems with them. Raisa, 58, Perm For the first time, she decided to plant tomatoes on her plot. I chose the Betta tomato according to the description, since it is short and resistant to wind gusts. Planted the seeds in April, and a month later the tomatoes reached 30 cm. For planting in the greenhouse they prepared pits and fertilized the earth with humus. Even with minimal care, a good harvest was made. Fruiting began in late July.
Betta's tomato is an early ripe grade which gives a big harvest of tasty fruits. These tomatoes are undemanding to care, it is enough to water them and feed them. The bush is compact and does not take up much space. The variety is grown in greenhouses, in open areas, as well as at home on the balconies and loggias. The fruits are suitable for sale, they are stored for a long time and do not crack when ripe.