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Herb-melliferous bruise: photo

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Honey bruise or ordinary bruise is a weed used for the production of certain drugs and in beekeeping. The plant is a good honey plant, which the bees love to eat. However, it is a poisonous herb that can seriously harm human health. For the same reason, the shrub is not used in animal husbandry as feed.

Description of the honeybee Bruise ordinary

It is a grass from the family of borage plants, it grows up to 0.5 m, and sometimes up to 1.8 m. In the first year after sowing, it does not bloom. Ovary buds appear after 2 years. Currently, other types of bruise are bred that bloom in the first year after planting.

Long, erect stems are dotted with small cornflower blue flowers, at the beginning of flowering they have a pale pink color. The buds are no more than 2 cm in size, their form is bell-shaped. Over the summer, about 1.5 thousand of them appear on one stem. The flowering phase of each of them - 2 days.

Important! Nectar, valuable to bees, is found only in pink buds at the initial stage of flowering. It is not prone to precipitation leaching, drought and sudden cooling also do not affect its content.

After the bruise, the grass of melliferous plant, blooms, fruits in the form of small nuts appear at the place of the cornflower blue buds. They are filled with light seeds, which the plant multiplies.

On the entire surface of the stems are small sharp spines, more like a hard, thick bristles. They help the culture to survive the drought, as they retain moisture in the leaves and stems.

The root has the shape of a rod, long, it lies deep in the soil. In the first year after sowing, the plant can root at 0.6 m in depth. This allows bruise ordinary to grow even on very dry soils, to obtain moisture from its deep layers.

Grass grows throughout Europe, Asia and southern Siberia. Bruise occurs in wastelands, meadows, fields. The plant prefers dry, dense soil and warm climate.

Important! This herb is poisonous to humans because it contains the dangerous substance glucoalkaloid consolidine. It causes paralysis of the central nervous system.

In small doses, ordinary bruise is used in traditional medicine and pharmaceuticals as a sedative, painkiller and expectorant.

How many years has the herb growing honeybee bruise

The honey plant begins to bloom in mid-June. This process continues 2-3 months before the onset of the first frost. The life cycle of the plant is 2 years from the time of sowing, it has a high viability.

Medoproduktivnost

Due to the bright color of flowers, the bees are well find the flower Honey Bruise in the fields. To collect nectar from one meadow in the size in hectare, it is necessary to involve 4 bee colonies. One such family can yield up to 8 kg of honey per day from a field of 1 ha, sown with a bruise of ordinary. After processing, bees from each flower receive up to 15 ml of honey.

Nectar in the flowers of an ordinary honey plant is at any time of the day and under any weather conditions. The peak of honey collection is in the afternoon. By its honey productivity, Bruise is inferior only to the well-known honey plant - linden.

Honey has an opaque, dense texture. Its color is light beige. Blue honey is also called white, this variety is considered extremely rare and useful. The product is not sugared for a long time and is saved in a liquid form, which allows you to maintain a rich color and aroma. Over time, the honey will begin to crystallize and thicken.

Nectar production

The flowers of the honey-beetle Sinyak ordinary intensively secrete nectar in the first phase of flowering, while they are still painted in pale pink color. Each bud contains from 10 to 15 mg of nectar. Bees prefer this plant to others, due to the bright color and thick aroma of flowers.

The pollen in the buds is also bright blue. The beekeeper can observe how honeycombs and frames are colored for a short time in this color after bee hunting for honey.

Other positive qualities of honey grass:

  1. The plant is undemanding to the quality of the soil.
  2. Honey plant does not require care.
  3. An ordinary bruise grows well in any climatic and weather conditions.
  4. It does not need to be watered, weeded, fertilized.
  5. The plant has high rates of medoproduktivnosti.
  6. Honey obtained by collecting bruise pollen ordinary, different healing properties.
  7. The grass can grow for many years in one place without feeding and plowing the soil.
  8. Honey plant attracts bees, even if it is located a few kilometers from the hives.
  9. An ordinary bruise, planted on 1 hectare of land, can replace 4 hectares of other melliferous plants by its productivity.

Agrotechnical cultivation of honey beetle Bruise

This plant grows in one place for many years. His cycle of life is small - only 2 years, but the seeds from the old bush are showered on the ground, and in the spring new seedlings appear. The plant is very unpretentious, so young shoots appear in all weather and climatic conditions.

In the apiaries and in the fields around them, agronomists cultivate new types of ordinary bruise. In order for the herb to have good indicators of the productivity of nectar, they create certain conditions for its growth. For industrial purposes for the production of honey, the honey plant Bruise is grown in Altai.

What soil is suitable for cultivation

An ordinary bruise grows on any soils, even of steppe, sand and clay. To get abundant and intense flowering, honey is sown on loose, fertile soils. Choose open, non-shaded areas under direct sunlight. Also, the plant is well rooted on the banks of reservoirs, in the ravines. But excessive moisture and shading is still to be avoided, it can affect the abundance of flowering.

To get stronger and more flowering plants, the soil is sown before fertilization and fertilized with manure. After the earth is left for a couple of weeks. After that, seeds are sown. In the dug-over and fertilized soil, they are quickly accepted and germinate, the number of flower stalks increases.

Terms of sowing honey Bruise ordinary

To get early strong plants, seeds are sown in the winter a week before the onset of the first frost. If the planting material is lowered into the ground earlier, it will germinate in the cold and will die. If the climate allows, you can sow a bruise in late spring or early summer. Young seedlings will have the opportunity to adapt to the summer heat and to the winter frost. The next spring you can get a strong temperature-resistant plants.

With severe frosts and a snowless winter, the bruise is sown in early spring. Seeds are laid in the soil shallowly - no more than 3 cm, sprinkling a small layer of loosened soil.

In regions with a cold climate, the bruise is sown under cover. In its role can act oats or other grass honey plant: phacelia, alfalfa. In the middle of summer, cover cultures mow and bruise is given the opportunity to release additional flower stalks.

Seeds are sown on loosened, and then a little rammed soil. Densely planted melliferous bruise should not be. Sowing material taken at the rate of 5-5.5 kg per 1 hectare of land. Shallow grooves are made in the ground and evenly spread small seeds in them. Sowing material is very small and light, therefore it is necessary to pour a layer of earth on it immediately after planting.

For quick germination of seedlings, the air temperature should not fall below + 10 Сᵒ. Temperatures above + 20 ° C are ideal for bruising.

Rules for the Care of Honey Plant Bruise

Watering, hilling and weeding does not require honey. This weed survives, grows well and develops with other cultures. Even if ordinary bruise is densely seeded, it does not affect its flowering.

Useful properties of bruised honey

Light yellow, opaque honey from Bruise ordinary does not have a strong aroma, but it has a wonderful deep taste and aftertaste. There is no bitterness in it, it is not cloyingly sweet. The product is stored for a long time and does not crystallize. He is considered the most valuable after the fake kind of honey. This is the only variety that is considered hypoallergenic.

Special conditions for storage of such a product does not require. It is enough to put the jars of honey in a dark, dry place, protected from direct sunlight.

People who used honey derived from Sinyak ordinary, noted such positive qualities:

  • immunity strengthening;
  • improve digestion;
  • strengthening the cardiovascular system;
  • vitamin and mineral support of the body;
  • strengthening the nervous system;
  • removal of toxins, slags from the body;
  • sleep normalization;
  • lowering blood cholesterol levels;
  • analgesic and antibacterial effect;
  • stabilization of the urogenital system;
  • treatment of bronchitis and dry cough.

In cosmetology, bruise honey is used to combat wrinkles and cellulite, to strengthen hair, and to treat inflammatory skin lesions. The rejuvenating properties of honey were observed, it prevents the aging of the body.

An anthelmintic and anti-inflammatory effect from the use of Sinyak ordinary honey was also observed.

Important! With all the positive qualities of this product, it is necessary to take into account that people with allergies, diabetes, obesity, pregnant and lactating mothers should not use bruised honey.

Conclusion

Bruise honey plant - a beautiful field plant, which is common in the steppe area. It is an excellent supplier of pollen and nectar for bees. Grass Bruise - the most productive honey plant among other field and horticultural crops. Its sowing and proximity to the apiary is reasonable for beekeeping. Products derived from the grass with blue bells, are characterized by a high content of vitamins and trace elements.

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