Dessert strawberry berry in popularity can be compared only with garden strawberries. Strawberry is not only good in appearance, the berry has an excellent taste, a very appetizing aroma, but also contains a lot of useful substances: vitamins C and B, folic acid, pectins, carotene. But the harmful components, such as sugar, cholesterol, are not contained in strawberries at all, so almost everyone can eat the berry (except for small children and allergies).
It is not surprising that gardeners are keenly interested in strawberry varieties and often grow sweet berry on their plots, because this is the only way to be 100% sure of the quality of the product. To help gardeners here are collected the best varieties of strawberries for 2018 with photos and descriptions, characteristics and features.
The division of varieties into groups
Like all fruit crops, strawberries have many varieties. Before you choose a particular variety of strawberries, you should decide which group the crop should belong to.
And they divide garden berries into many groups, the main criteria are:
- ripening speed (early ripening varieties, mid-season and late strawberries);
- type of pollination (self-pollinated varieties, strawberries, which need insect pollinators);
- method of fruiting (ripening of one crop per season or remontant varieties, fruitful all summer);
- yield (high-yielding can be called a variety that allows you to remove two kilograms of berries from one bush);
- the size of the berries (large-fruited strawberries, as a rule, is also the most fruitful, because each berry weighs from 40 grams);
- growing method (strawberry varieties for open ground and strawberry varieties for greenhouses are complemented by a room variety of berries, which can be grown directly in the house or on the balcony);
- The latest varieties and time-tested.
The list of the best strawberry varieties in this article will be compiled based on feedback from experienced gardeners, as well as their requirements. As a rule, the owner of the garden needs the berries to be the most delicious, dense, beautiful, so that the variety is considered to be fruitful and endure weather vagaries.
The best varieties of early strawberries
New strawberry varieties often differ precisely in speed of ripening - among the new breeding products, more and more early-ripening varieties are found. This is not surprising, because such strawberries will ripen by the end of spring, it is customary to grow it in greenhouses and greenhouses, used for sale.
The peculiarity of early varieties is that the first berries are not used for processing or preservation - the fruits are good only for fresh consumption. Tubbornichny often have a dense texture, therefore well tolerated transportation, for a long time retain the presentation.
Attention! Early ripe strawberries contain less nutrients than varieties with later growth periods. And the taste of the first berries, as noted by gardeners, is less pronounced, not so sweet.
Rarely in the summer cottage grow only early strawberries, planting is often interspersed with later varieties. So, the gardener will be able to enjoy the taste of the first berries already in May and stretch this pleasure until August (planting late-ripening varieties).
The best variety of early ripe berries, which has almost no flaws. For the first time "Clery" Italians began to grow, but the variety quickly spread throughout the world. The main advantages of strawberries - the beauty of the berries and a very sweet taste.
Fruits slightly elongated, with a sharp tip. The flesh is pink and the peel is bright red. Strawberries of this variety do not have a strong aroma, but the smell of berries is delicate and very pleasant.
Bushes varieties are small, compact, spherical shape. Strawberries form a large mustache, so rooting is the most popular way to propagate a crop.
It is better to plant “Clery” into the ground in September, so that the bushes can acclimatize and give the first fruits in the spring. It is very easy to care for the culture, so it is great for novice gardeners and those who rarely visit their summer cottage.
This strawberry also comes from Italy, the variety belongs to the elite. In Russia, “Albu” was loved for excellent taste and beautiful large berries, weighing up to 50 grams.
You can even find the variety to taste the berries, it is very characteristic - sweet and sour. The fruits are elongated, bright red. Even by the end of the season the strawberries do not become shallow, the mass of fruits is approximately the same throughout the growing season.
Alba has many advantages:
- tolerates drought;
- resistant to pests and viruses;
- well-tolerated transportation and storage.
Thanks to these qualities, the variety can be grown for commercial purposes. All Alba needs for ripening is abundant and regular watering.
Danish strawberries can be recognized by the type of berries: they are round, with clearly visible ribs and a perfectly smooth surface. The variety is considered fruitful, as the gardener will be able to get up to a kilogram of fruit from each bush.
The taste and aroma of strawberries is saturated, it is often used for sale, tolerates transportation and storage.
"Zephyr" begins to bear fruit in the first year after planting, strawberries ripen very early. If you need to further accelerate the process of vegetation, it is recommended to grow a variety in greenhouses and use artificial lighting of the bushes.
The variety withstands drought, rarely gets sick, does not undergo massive pest attacks.
Tip! If the berries of "Marshmallow" have a weak aroma, it can be enhanced. To do this, you need to expand between the bushes needles. Additionally spruce needles will play the role of mulch.
The list of the best varieties of strawberries will be incomplete if it does not contain this name. “Honey” is very often grown in the gardens of Russia, because this strawberry has a lot of advantages:
- highly developed root system, which allows seedlings to quickly adapt and saturate with nutrients from the deep layers of the soil;
- a large mass of berries;
- early fruiting (in April the ovaries of the fruit are laid);
- excellent taste characteristics (there are antioxidants, vitamins and even iodine in the stav).
Strawberries are blooming for about two weeks, the first berries can be harvested already in mid-May, and the ripening dates do not even depend on the region and the weather. Produces a variety once a year. By the end of the growing season the strawberries become smaller, but sweeter.
Strawberry garden varieties mid-season
Strawberries with medium ripening periods are rightfully considered to be the most common in Russia, because these varieties are universal. The fruits are very tasty fresh, as the plants have enough summer sun, such strawberries can be preserved, it is dense and juicy at the same time.
Tip! It is better for gardeners from the northern regions not to plant early varieties in open ground, as they are threatened with spring frosts.
But mid-season strawberries will be an excellent solution, the summer resident from Siberia may well be limited only to this variety of berries (giving fruits in the middle of summer, the plants will be protected from the spring and autumn cold).
This strawberry is known for its ability to tolerate periods of drought and intense heat. The variety is considered one of the most popular in Russia because of its unpretentiousness.
Strawberry bright red, rounded, with a shiny surface and pink flesh. The taste of the berries are sweet with moderate acidity, which is considered the standard of strawberry flavor.
The bushes of this variety are rather high, but not very branched. Planting "Festival" is recommended in the spring, when the first heat comes.
Most of all "Festival" is suitable for the climatic conditions of the middle zone, as well tolerates cold and high humidity. Crops culture gives stable and high, rarely gets sick.
This strawberry is one of the most popular among mid-season species. A characteristic feature of the variety is strawberry flavor. The berries are large, fleshy, sour.
The shape of the fruit is cone-shaped, the tip is slightly blunted. Weigh strawberries about 25-30 grams.
Indoors “Darselekt” ripens already in mid-May, whereas in the garden beds the berries ripen only by mid-June. Bushes high, strawberry leaves are painted in a dark green shade. A lot of whiskers appear on the bushes, but this does not lead to thickening of the landings;
The first wave of the harvest differs slightly elongated berries, and the last strawberry more rounded, smooth. The flesh of the fruit is elastic, moderately juicy, pink. Sweetness and sourness perfectly balanced in the taste of berries.
One of the large-fruited varieties with average maturity. Growing such strawberries is economically beneficial, because thanks to the size of the berries from a small plot you will be able to harvest a decent crop.
The average fruit weight is 90 grams, but with proper care and adequate nutrition, the berries can reach 100 grams. Fruits ripen in the first half of June. The variety is not afraid of frost, so it can be successfully cultivated in cold regions of the country.
It is better to plant Marshall strawberries in July, so that before the onset of winter the bushes have had time to settle down, and in the axils of the leaves there are fruit buds.
Strawberries with unconventional flavor and large beautiful fruits. The taste of the berries a little tart, sweetish and sour. The aroma of strawberries pronounced strawberry.
The fruits have the same shape and size, are painted in a carmine shade, elongated in the form of a cone. The density of the berries allows them to be transported even over long distances. The purpose of the fruit is universal: strawberries can be eaten fresh, and canned and frozen. It is better to grow the berry under the shelter, as the variety is quite capricious in terms of temperature. Bushes are large with massive and dense leaves, thick peduncles, a small number of whiskers.
“Asia” deserved its fame because of the exotic taste and commodity appearance.
The Dutch variety is popular not only among novice gardeners, this strawberry is appreciated even by professional farmers. Due to the high content of various sugars, the fruits have an unusual caramel flavor.
The berries are large, shiny, slightly elongated. Strawberries are well transported, have dense pulp. Bushes are low, but powerful. The leaves on the plant a little, the fruits are located closer to the ground. During the season, several whiskers appear on the bushes; in order to preserve the yield, these shoots must be removed.
It is possible to plant Kimberly both in spring and in autumn - in any case, this should be done as early as possible. The variety loves moisture, so it is necessary to water the bushes often and plentifully. But for the winter the bushes are better covered with spruce leaves or hay to prevent the culture from freezing.
Review of the strawberry "Kimberly"Irina P., 43 years old, Tyumen. I can confidently call this strawberry the queen of my garden! As stated by the producer of saplings, in the first year the harvest was not too abundant, but 5-6 berries ripened on each bush. The tuberkins are medium in size, dense, but just melting in the mouth - if you need to take the harvest from the dacha, you can not be afraid that it will turn into a mess. We live in the Urals, and even in these difficult conditions the strawberry didn’t hurt, the leaves were just as shiny and smooth. In spite of the fact that many people speak of a good frost resistance of the variety, I will cover the bushes for the winter, because I don’t want to lose a wonderful variety. And next season I will try to root a mustache and propagate my strawberries.
Classic variety bred in Holland by crossing two elite species (“Holiday” and “Gorella”). The type of berries is very attractive, they are shiny, smooth and even. The shape of strawberries resembles a cone, their color is bright red, the flesh is dense, and the taste is excellent.
Culture loves moisture, so it will have to be watered often and abundantly. But the gardener will get a high yield - from each bush up to 1.5 kg of fresh berries. Only you need to follow the roots of the plants and provide them with good ventilation (to loosen the ground between the rows) so that the roots do not rot.
In general, “Elsanta” is unpretentious: it is not afraid of frost, it does not undergo fungal infections, it does not need frequent fertilizer. Most of the variety is suitable for growing in film tunnels.
Late ripening varieties
This group of strawberry varieties has such advantages as firmness, rich taste and aroma of fruits, unpretentiousness. Late ripening strawberries are grown mainly on ordinary beds, as the flower stalks on the bushes appear after the spring frosts.
Most often the late harvest is used for processing: preservation, preparation of juices, compotes and preserves. With success, you can freeze the berries in order to preserve the taste of summer until the next season.
Breeding this strawberry was done by breeders from England, their primary task was high yield. And scientists coped with it - “Lord” is considered one of the most fruitful varieties of late vegetation.
Each bush can give up to three kilograms of berries, so the English variety is often grown by merchants who sell fruits. Berries are well tolerated transportation, they are not afraid of the cold.
Shrubs grow up to 50 cm, which allows the fruit to ripen on weight, without touching the ground. It protects strawberries from rotting and eating insects. The strawberries are red, elongated, beautiful and very tasty.
Important! Bushes varieties "Lord" can grow without a transplant to ten years! This greatly simplifies the work of the gardener.
This species belongs to the varieties of German selection. The peculiarity of the culture is in the same sex of its inflorescences; therefore, in order to pollinate the flowers, it will be necessary to plant strawberries mixed with another species, otherwise there will be no harvest.
But the variety has a lot of advantages: compact bushes, a small amount of whiskers, large sizes of berries (up to 40 grams).
It is characteristic that the fruits of this variety are not the same: they can have either a round or elongated shape, be smooth or have ribs. Berries ripen late, have a sweet taste and a strong aroma, are painted in a rich cherry color.
The variety is very productive - up to two kilograms of fruit are harvested from the bush. Often this strawberry is grown for sale, because it is well stored and transported.
Repair Strawberry Varieties
The best strawberry varieties of the new generation are repairmen. Such crops are able to bear fruit more than once per season, and some - to continue fruiting without interruption throughout the summer.
Such strawberries are loved for high yields, unpretentiousness, and most importantly - for the fact that with repairent species you can not plant varieties with different ripening periods, because fresh berries will always be on the bushes.
Attention! Remontant species have disadvantages: such strawberries are very depleted during the season, so they need to be fertilized often and renewed every two or three years.
Reviews of country gardeners indicate that most of them either completely switched to remontant varieties or supplemented their strawberry collection with them.
The variety was obtained by crossing three strawberry species, the remontant culture absorbed the best qualities of each of them. The advantages of this variety are as follows:
- resistance to cold;
- immunity against diseases;
- high yield.
The first berries appear earlier than the fruits of the earliest ripening varieties, but this strawberry does not differ in strongly pronounced taste or aroma, and its pulp is in density like an apple. But the second harvest is more delicious and plentiful, saturated with the aroma of strawberries.
"Mara de Bois"
For the selection of this type of scientists used the alpine strawberry gene material, which explains the stunning aroma and sweet-sour taste of this strawberry.
To grow strawberries need sunlight, otherwise it is quite unpretentious. The fruits ripen throughout the season - from May to September, which suggests an unprecedented yield of the species.
The berries are beautiful and tasty, but they can not be stored - after three days the strawberries are crumpled and juice. Because of this, the variety is not used for growing for sale; it is better for them to feast on their own garden.
The names of the best varieties of strawberries with photos and a brief description should help the gardener to decide - from this variety it is easy to choose something suitable for any growing conditions.
You can only advise that it is better to combine planting, complementing the early varieties late, or planting remontantnuyu strawberries along with middle-ripening. This approach will provide the gardener with fresh berries at any time of the season, and the harvest will be much higher.